The philosophy of the Nigerian Certificate in Education NCE Integrated Science is anchored on the following areas:
a) Fundamental unity of science b) The use of scientific method as a common approach in solving c) The role and function of science in everyday life d) To prepare students for further studies in Integrated Science
Integrated Science has been described as that science which has not been disintegrated. It supposes to be an approach to the study of the environment, free of the limitation imposed by the separate subject disciplines. This is not toâ€™ decry the value of a subject discipline approach; it clearly has its uses. However, at the-level of readiness for learning of secondary school students, the boundaries between the disciplines can only appear as artificial, man-made constructs which interfere with unified view of nature as a whole, which children bring to the classroom with them. Integrated science emphasizes those concepts which are common to all of science, the process of science and the skills associated with them.
The great themes of science such as energy, field and particle theories, conservation, balance and cycles in nature are also emphasized as itâ€™s the relevance of science to everyday life. Integrated Science also emphasizes inquiry into the nature of the environment. The scientific method of inquiry can be learned by everyone, and a prime aim of the programme is to provide students â€˜with an introduction to this method and allow them to follow their own inquiries. The method of inquiry has cognitive and practical aspects. These cognitive aspects include the ability to formulate questions, to identify variables and design experiments, to interpret results, recognize patterns, generate hypotheses, draw conclusions and develop theoretical models. The practical skills required include general skills such as ability to observe and to measure, and more specialized skills in the handling and use of laboratory apparatus, living material, and chemical.
In preparing teachers of Integrated Science, the principal objectives include: i) Enabling students gain the concept of the fundamental unity of science; ii) Installing in students a commonality of approach to problems of a scientific nature i.e. the scientific method; iii) Increasing studentsâ€™ understanding of the role and functions of science in everyday life and in the world in which they live; iv) Making students well informed and scientifically literate; v) Enabling students acquire and demonstrate the intellectual-competence and professional skills necessary to the teaching of Integrated Science in Primary and Junior Secondary Schools, as an inquiry based subject, in conformity with National Curriculum; vi) Developing in students the ability to impart and encourage in their pupils the spirit of inquiry into living and non-living things in the environment; vii) Developing the ability and motivation in students to work and think in an independent manner; viii) Enabling students carry out scientific investigations, emphasizing co-operation, development of appropriate scientific processes and skills and improving their written and oral communications skills. ix) To develop in students the interest to pursue higher studies in integrated science.